Dependence - the problem that underlies addiction. Leaders in dependence potential are heroin, nicotine, cocaine, alcohol and barbiturates.
There are two components of dependence - dependence of physical and mental. Cause physical dependence, not all drugs. For example, a physical dependence on LSD, cannabis, cocaine, ecstasy and other substances not found.
The most dangerous from the standpoint of developing physical dependence are the opiates (morphine, heroin, etc.).
Physical dependence is after a period of abstinence syndrome (breaking). There are a number of techniques to facilitate the break-up - painkillers, sedatives drugs, special exercises, auditory training. However, the best way for today removing physical dependence are the detox program. This technique speeds up the break-up, resulting in the body gets rid of the drug is not for two weeks, as is usually the case, and for six hours. During the procedure the patient is under anesthesia.
A number of drug treatment frown for the detoxification. It is extremely painful and unpleasant break-up, in their view, an important factor that keeps recovering addicts from returning to receive psychoactive substances. There is statistical evidence that the frequency of relapses in drug addicts, not resorting to artificial detoxification, lower than in patients who underwent break-up under general anesthesia.
Psychic dependence is a more serious problem.
Combating psychic dependence integrated approach: both use the maximum possible treatments.
One of the most common nowadays components of a comprehensive treatment of psychological dependence on opiates is a long block to the drug susceptibility of the patient with drugs such as naloxone or naltrexone. Under the influence of these funds injection of heroin do not have any effect on the patient. On the other hand, there is a danger of overdose: addict tends to achieve an effect, introduces a further dose, does not have enough feelings, and can die from the oppression of the respiratory center.
This method allows us to continue the struggle with illness, even with random relapse. Without blocking the susceptibility to opiates each injection stops the healing process, causing the re-start treatment with zero.
Directly to apply psychological violations of various psychotherapeutic techniques. In the fight against drug abuse is mandatory to use a variety of psychotherapy schools, is widely used hypnosis, mutual support groups (Narcotics Anonymous) and much, much more. Talking about the relative effectiveness of these technologies is meaningless because the susceptibility to different methods purely individual.
The psychological effect and the blocking of the susceptibility to opiates is usually accompanied by a comprehensive drug support aimed at improving overall health status, chronic diseases, multidrug correction mood.
In conclusion, it must be said about a number of "untwisted" techniques to combat drug addiction.
Methadone - a synthetic opioid long-lasting. The essence of the methadone program is that the heroin addict at first adapt to methadone, and then gradually abolish the drug. Because methadone is longer acting, breaking lasts longer, but much more gently. Therefore, the body is easier to tolerate withdrawal symptoms. Since methadone, like most other opioids, applies to controlled substances, this method is available only in licensed clinics.
Under this concept implies a type of psychotherapy on the patient - "shock therapy". The essence of the intervention is not as important for encoding the main thing - to impress the patient, for which use different chemical, physical and psychological "special effects". The effectiveness of the method depends primarily on the degree of suggestibility of the subject. For drug addicts, who usually had many chances to become distrustful of others, the method operates with an efficiency 2-3 per cent.