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Alfred Adler was among the pioneers of psychoanalytic theory. He had a major fall out with Freud over theories. Freud rationalized that our personality was formed from instincts whereas Adler found that the environment had a profound influence in shaping our personality. He is best known for developing the inferiority and superiority complexes.
Published by carol roach 66 months ago in Psychology | +6 votes | 5 comments
Erik Erikson was one of the great pioneers who contributed to the body of knowledge we have today in psychology. Erikson is best known for adding three additional stages to Freud’s personality development theory. Whereas Freud stopped his theory in early adulthood, Erikson extended the theory to include personality development through one’s lifetime.
Published by carol roach 66 months ago in Psychology | +7 votes | 7 comments
Dependent personality disorder is characterized by dependence on others. A person with DPD may have fears of being separated from a relationship partner or from family members. A person with this disorder is usually quite needy. He or she may be unable to make decisions without seeking advice from someone else.
Published by Charlene Collins 66 months ago in Psychology | +5 votes | 2 comments
Bipolar disorder is a brain disorder; it’s not just a state of mind. Oftentimes, people minimize this disorder. It’s important not to let anyone who isn’t a doctor tell you that you don’t need the medications that your psychiatrist or medical doctor prescribes for you. It’s equally important that stopping your medications against medical advice can lead to problems.
Published by Charlene Collins 66 months ago in Psychology | +3 votes | 2 comments
Gregory Bateson and his team headed up the first family investigation into the causes of schizophrenia. He postulated that schizophrenia was caused by mixed messages received from important family members. These messages often put the schizophrenic individual in a position where he or she could not escape. This created what he coined as the double bind.
Published by carol roach 66 months ago in Psychology | +7 votes | 7 comments
Carl Jung was a former student of Freud who had major conceptual differences with his mentor. He founded analytical psychology as a consequence of those differences. Jung was more concerned with the individual in the present than he was about their past experiences. Having said that he did however, create the concept of the collective unconscious which was repository of all experiences of humankind within the human psyche which has been handed down throughout time.
Published by carol roach 66 months ago in Psychology | +6 votes | 6 comments
The great doctor Freud really did not understand women yet he made elaborate theories about them which have been challenged by female psychoanalysts such as Karen Horney and feminists alike. His views on penis envy, women being inferior to men, women wanting to be men are considered demeaning to women and without any empirical backing.
Published by carol roach 66 months ago in Psychology | +3 votes | 4 comments
Freud’s theories were filled with sweeping generations. He formulated a theory for all humankind based on a small sample of upper class Viennese women. His theories don’t account for people of different cultures or social status. His theories were they not supposed to be clinical would be considered discriminatory and prejudice today especially when it came to women and homosexual behavior.
Published by carol roach 66 months ago in Psychology | +1 votes | 3 comments
Freud was the founder of modern psychology but his methods were not scientific. He based his work on the information his patients told him and he also made huge inferences about what their situations could mean. He never took notes and based much of his theories on his own recollection of what had been told to him.
Published by carol roach 66 months ago in Psychology | +1 votes | 3 comments
Freud held two theories on child sexual abuse. At first he said that his patients were suffering from mental disorders due to being raped by their father in childhood. However, that theory was very controversial in his day. Freud later changed his theory to fantasies. He said that the women were not actually raped but fantasized about being rape. This led the cornerstone of his theory, the Oedipus complex.
Published by carol roach 66 months ago in Psychology | +3 votes | 1 comments
It was Freud who developed the concept of defense mechanism. His daughter Anna Freud continued his work. Defense mechanisms are ways in which people deal with anxiety. They are coping mechanisms. Freud postulated the defense mechanisms were: repression, projection, displacement, reaction formation, regression, and rationalization. The defense mechanism are often effective in relieving intense anxiety which is to painful or horrible to even think about. Defense mechanisms are unconscious devi...
Published by carol roach 66 months ago in Psychology | +4 votes | 1 comments
Gregory Bateson was the pioneer in family communications. He was given a grant to study family messages and communication within families of patients suffering with schizophrenia. He assembled a team of eclectic individuals who had many interests from animal behavior to studies humor and fantasy. This work was done in the early 1950s.
Published by carol roach 66 months ago in Psychology | +4 votes | 5 comments
At the basis of Freudian psychology is the idea of neurotic anxiety and repressed thoughts. Because Freud’s model is a sexual tension model, these sexual urges produced by the Id are unconscious urges. Because these urges are unacceptable they are buried deep in the psyche. They are repressed. When these urges surface, the individual feels anxiety, which is the trigger for the ego to jump into action and curtail these urges.
Published by carol roach 66 months ago in Psychology | +4 votes | 1 comments
Freud determined that there are four stages in which a person must go through in order to develop his or her personality. The oral stage is the first stage where the baby derives pleasure from feeding and sucking. The Oral stage provides pleasure through elimination during toilet training. The phallic stage is the stage when a child explores his or her own genitalia. The Genital stage is the only stage developed in adulthood.
Published by carol roach 66 months ago in Psychology | +4 votes | 4 comments
Most people smile often, even if they are not happy. This is because a smile does not always mean that a person is feeling joy. The motivation behind a smile may be positive, or it could be sinister, or stem from a desire to be proper and polite. We give little thought to smiling, as it is so common. However, there may be more to a simple smile then you imagine.
Published by B W1 66 months ago in Psychology | +3 votes | 1 comments
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